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Romania is a state located in the southeastern part of Europe. It is the largest in the region in terms of population and area. The sights of Romania deserve special attention, each has its own interesting history. Knowing what to see in Romania first of all, you will not lose sight of anything important and significant.
What to see first in Romania?
The unitary presidential republic is characterized by ethno-cultural diversity. Most of the population professes Orthodoxy in it, so many sights of Romania are associated with it.
1. The Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest
The monumental administrative building of the Parliament in Bucharest
There is a famous architectural structure in the capital of the state. More than 20 thousand people worked on the creation of the palace at one time. To make it really beautiful, they had to work 24 hours a day, and for several years. There were peak periods when thousands of soldiers were additionally involved. In the Guinness Book of Records, this landmark of Romania ranks first because it is the largest administrative building. In total, the construction process took 5 years. There are no tourists whose imagination would not be struck by the appearance of the building, its size.
2. Bran Castle
Dracula's castle on top rocks Todor Bozhinov
Bran Castle setting Elena Chochkova
Interesting places to explore should start with an architectural monument, according to legend, considered the residence of Count Dracula. The fortress is made in the Gothic style, it was built at the expense of local merchants, seeking to protect their own goods. A feature of this attraction is a large concentration of tangled paths, spacious halls inside, corridors, as well as small rooms. All these spaces intersect with each other. It is worth paying attention to the old well, it used to be believed that only through it you can get into the secret dungeon.
Official website: http://www.bran-castle.com/< /p>
3. Romanian Carpathians
Landscape of the Romanian Carpathians
This is a mountain range, the second largest after the Alps. Her rating just goes off scale, because there are a lot of people who are fond of skiing. They come here from all over the world. Mountains make up a third of the territory of the described state, so it is not surprising that skiing is the main industry of tourism. Traveling here will not leave anyone indifferent, the height of the mountains reaches 2600 m, which cannot but attract. People go to the Carpathians not only for skiing, but also to study the culture and history of the state.
4. Black Church (Brashov)
View of the Lutheran Church of St. Mary or the Black Church
As the name implies, this landmark of Romania is located in the city of Brasov, is its symbol. The total height of the building is 65 m, there is only one bell tower, 3 bells are installed on it. What draws attention inside are Turkish carpets. At one time they were donated by the parishioners of the temple, their original appearance and color have been preserved to this day. There is also a font on the territory dating back to the fifteenth century. It looks like a cast-iron ark, made in the Gothic style. There are many interesting things in the church, its pride is the organ, which was installed in 1839.
5. Lipscani Street
Walking Lipscany street in the center of the Old Town
Another attraction of Romania is a pedestrian street, passing in the very center of the capital. In its importance, it is comparable to the Moscow Arbat. In the Middle Ages, the area surrounding it was used for organizing auctions. Among the guests of the country, the place is very popular, the reason for this is its proximity to the old princely court. It was founded by the prince of Wallachia.
6. Historical center of Sibiu
Charming medieval historical center of Sibiu
You will definitely enjoy a trip to a village of venerable age. Keep in mind that it is easy to get lost in it, because there are labyrinths of narrow streets everywhere. In the historical center, they are paved with paving stones. The city is part of the Transylvanian Triangle. Not everyone knows that Sibiu was originally a German city, because it was founded by immigrants from Germany. Against the general background of Romania, the difference is very noticeable. All the best sights of the settlement are concentrated in the compact Old Town. It is divided into two parts, Upper and Lower. You can get here by plane, train, bus or car.
Be sure to watch this beautiful video about Romania!
7. Herastrau Park
A traditional recreation area for citizens in Herastrau Park
Don't know where to go in Romania so as not to regret it? Visit the park located in the northern part of the capital, it stretches around Lake Herastrau. The year of foundation is considered to be 1936, once there were swamps on the site of the park area. When they were drained, 1.5 km² of area was freed. Initially, the park was named after Stalin, and not far from the main entrance there was a sculpture of a Russian revolutionary. The described landmark of Romania includes the Village Museum, as well as a recreational area that is completely open to the public. The park is considered a great place for children because it has a lot of open spaces. If you wish, you can rent a boat at the pier, ride it on the lake.
8. ASTRA National Museum Complex
Exhibits of the National Museum Complex ASTRA Nicubunu
Belongs to the number of ethnographic, like all the others, very impressive. From the reviews, you can understand that it is quite difficult to get around it at a time, because the museum covers an area of 90 hectares. If you pass by the city of Sibiu, you should definitely leave a couple of hours to get acquainted with the described landmark of Romania. It is interesting to know that the museum was originally dedicated to the Romanian civilization, but later other directions were opened. The complex has been functioning as an independent structure since 2001.
Official website: http://muzeulastra.ro/
9. Horezu Monastery
Church of Saints Constantine and Helena in the Khorezu Monastery
Belongs to the category “The main attractions of the country.” Its founder was Gospodar Valakhin, who is remembered in history as a ruler who spent a lot of effort on the development of the country and the education of local residents. Konstantin also became the founder of a new architectural style, namely the Brynkovian style. In 1714, he and his sons were brutally murdered for refusing to convert to Islam. Valakhin died, but after him many wonderful monuments of Brynkovyan architecture remained. Since 1993, the monastery has been included in the UNESCO list.
10. Peles Castle
The former residence of the Romanian monarchs – Peles Castle
A lot of things remained after the Hohenzollerns, who ruled the country for 80 years, meaning not only political, but also sculptural heritage. The most famous building of the king of this dynasty is Peles Castle, it got its name in honor of a mountain river. Performing his review, I would like to say that the building is considered the pearl of the city of Sinai. Huge lines of people line up here all year round, wishing to visit the royal chambers. After the revolution, namely in 1990, the castle became a public attraction in Romania.
11. Romanian Ateneum
Park and statue of the famous poet Mihai Eminescu in front of the Ateneum
What to visit in Romania? The concert hall located in the central part of the capital deserves attention; it has been decorating it since 1888. It is famous for the fact that every year a music festival dedicated to George Enescu is organized here. In the description, one cannot fail to note the magnificence of the appearance of the building; it is made in the neoclassical style. What a grandiose dome is worth, decorated with romantic touches, which looks charming. A park with a statue of M. Eminescu, the famous poet, flaunts on the territory of the concert hall.
12. Danube Delta
Wetlands Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve
This is a river known throughout the world for flowing through 10 European countries at once. Its largest part is located on the territory of the described state, and this is 3446 km², here it flows into the Black Sea. In 1991, the permanent water flow was listed by UNESCO. With the support of this organization, a biosphere reserve, formed jointly by Romania and Ukraine, is maintained. Many rare insects, birds, plants listed in the Red Book live on its territory. Fish, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals are no exception. If you're lucky, you can take a photo of them.
13. Village Museum in Bucharest
Samples of Romanian rural architecture in the open air
Refers to the places that you can see in Romania in 1 day. The open-air institution is located in the very center of the capital, however, silence and tranquility prevail there. Guides in Romania often bring tourists here, wanting to introduce them to the village with houses brought from various parts of the country. Almost all of them were built between the 15th and 19th centuries. If you don't know what to visit in Romania, this attraction definitely deserves attention because it colorfully showcases village life. It is located on the shore of a picturesque lake.
14. Historic center of Sighisoara
Panorama of the historic center of Sighisoara
The city itself was founded by colonists in the 12th century. From the very beginning it was a fortress with several churches around. A century later, the settlement became free, which gave rise to its development. For those who do not know what to visit in Romania, it is recommended to look into the historical center of Sighisoara. It is characterized by a typical view of the Middle Ages. Fortress walls were built along the perimeter; 2 bastions and 14 towers have survived to this day. The symbol of the central part of the settlement is a tower decorated with miniatures of Roman gods. Today there is a museum, and nearby there is a Gothic temple, a museum of medieval weapons, a religious community of monks.
15. Merry Cemetery
The most positive cemetery in the world in the village of Sepinta
Those who want something unusual are invited to visit the unusual place of burial of the dead, located in the village of Sepyntsa. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that the tombstones are made of wood. They look like a cross and a colored tablet with the image of the deceased. It is drawn in bright colors, an ironic inscription was also made. Many years have passed since the founding of the cheerful cemetery, but even now people are buried there under such tombstones.
Sights of Romania: what else to visit in Romania?
Excursions in Romania are held in a variety of directions. Below we will look at some of them.
Mogoshoai Palace and Park Ensemble
Konstantin Brynkovyan is considered to be the founder of the state; he is also the author of a unique architectural style. One of his first examples was a palace called Mogoshoaya. A feature of the style is the abundance of carved architectural decorations, loggias, verandas, and decorative paintings. The recommendations for this place say that it is a real palace and park ensemble. After the Second World War, the complex became state property, and 12 years later it was equipped as an art museum. What to see in Romania, namely in the Mogoshoai Palace? Entire collections of antique furniture, household items, historical documents, objects of worship are presented here.
17. Transfagarash Highway
Transfagaras highway – mountain highway in the Carpathians
This alpine route is deservedly considered one of the most beautiful in all of Europe, but at the same time dangerous. It passes through all the Romanian Carpathians, the Fagaras massif, connecting two whole regions of the country. Just think, the roadway rises to 2034 m. It is used by various modes of transport, sharp turns and sharp cliffs make even experienced drivers nervous. Driving on this route is allowed only during the daytime, from July to October. It belongs to those objects that are really worth seeing in Romania.
18. Berca Mud Volcanoes
View of the mud volcanoes of Berg
Continuing the theme of what to see in Romania, I would like to draw attention to the attraction for the daredevils. We are talking about volcanoes that throw out fuel and dust with impurities of oil and liquid. They were formed under the influence of tremors. When the gas coming out of them begins to ignite spontaneously, the spectacle is even more mesmerizing. The ejected volcanic material creates very interesting landscapes, the local landscape is assessed as heterogeneous.
19. Bigar Waterfall
Flowing Bigar waterfall
The sights of Romania not only fascinate, but also surprise. Let's get acquainted with one very unusual waterfall. The highlight is that the water runs down the hat-shaped rock with bright green moss. The stream splits into hundreds of smaller ones, all of which drain into the river below. One gets the feeling that the rock is covered with a water veil that is constantly moving. If you wish, you can go upstairs and see where the water flows from. If you decide that you want to see the Bigar waterfall in Romania, take suitable shoes with you, the path is very slippery there.
20. Scarisoara Cave
Visitors to the Scarisoara Ice Cave
What else to visit in Romania and not regret it? This is a glacier located in Mount Bihor. It looks like a cave, 705 m long, and its age is estimated at 3500 years. The entrance here is very large, it looks like a shaft 60 m wide. The shaft is filled with ice all year round, the stairs here have a spiral shape, often reaching the bottom. Keep in mind that it is difficult to move around the cave, the air temperature is very low there, so if you have health problems, you should not take risks.
When traveling, do not forget that hotels in Romania are also as in other country, you need to book in advance. For this, special services are used. Having prepared in advance for the trip, you can be sure that everything will go smoothly, and you will get the maximum pleasure from the trip. Also read about the best attractions in Poland and get inspired for your next trip to Europe!